PerennialSun:    Full Sun, Part ShadeMoisture:    Dry, Medium, Medium-WetHeight:    4 feetBlooms:    July, Aug, SeptColor:    PurpleSpacing:    2-3′Spreads: 8” a year by roots; a lot by seedZones:    3-9Benefits:    Butterflies, Pollinators, Hummingbirds. Plants tolerate drought and shallow rocky infertile soils. Did you know? Blazing Star. Today, many families still use wild bergamot during the cold and flu season. Wild Strawberry. Companion Plants The most obvious choices for companion plants for Wild Bergamot would have to be Red Bee Balm, and Spotted Bee Balm. The leaves are also wonderful used in herbal tea. Variety: Wild Bergamot (organic*) In the Kitchen: Bergamot leaves make a fantastic accompanying flavour to meat dishes. They made a tea to treat colds. It’s a very bushy plant that spreads a lot by roots and by seed—making it best suited for large, wild gardens. Topdress the dormant plants with good compost in winter. It was used most commonly to treat colds, and was frequently made into a tea. Miscellaneous Soil. Wild Bergamot, also called bee balm or monarda, forms large bushy clumps with tons of lavender flowers blanketing the top. Mature plants can be divided. Bergamot Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Companions. fistulosa, very common throughout the state, and var. AddThis. This is an aromatic family of herbs, which means you gain an eye-catching flowering plant which bees and other pollinators love, and its flowers and leaves can also be used in your cooking. Wood Lily. Wild Bergamot. Number of plants: 3. Rich soil that holds moisture well. You can divide its new roots in the spring and transplant new plants. Be careful–Wild Bergamot spreads both by underground rhizomes (roots) and by seed. Luckily for us, these "mystery" plants were wild bergamot (Monardo fistulosa), and they turned out to be our biggest bonus "crop" of all! It can grow to approximately 1m in height. The stems are square and the gray-green, hairy leaves have jagged edges and are 1-3 in long. Also known by its scientific name, Monarda , it’s a flowering plant genus in the mint family. I first met beautiful, wild Monarda didyma in the woodlands and meadows of North Carolina. Bergamot, Bee Balm Plants Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa was the Herb Society of America's 2013 Notable Native Herb! Bergamot can also be used for dried floral arrangements and potpourri where they offer long lasting colour. SUGGESTED CARE: Requires little care once established. Bergamot/bee balm. Companion Plants Purple Coneflower Rattlesnake Master Joe Pye Weed Yellow Coneflower Compass … An excellent native plant for a wild garden, Monarda fistulosa grows to two to three feet and has tousled pink-purple flowers that attract hummingbirds and bees. They made a tea to treat colds. Like all monardas, it tends to get powdery mildew in late summer, but it isn’t a big deal. COMPANION PLANTS: There is a wide range of associates including yellow SUGGESTED CARE: Requires little care once established. Garlic, for example, repels slugs and aphids – which is great if we plant them next to our veggies who have a known weakness for aphids. Both intuition and objectivity guide my choice of Monarda—known also as bee balm, Oswego tea, horsemint, or bergamot—as one of my best friends in the herb garden. across (5-7 cm). COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS: Try pairing Monarda fistulosa with Coreopsis tripteris, Rudbeckia hirta, Liatris spicata, Schizachyrium scoparium and Andropogon gerardii. BEE BALM / WILD BERGAMOT SEEDS - Monarda fistulosa Famous for its beauty and fragrance, Bee Balm, also know as Wild Bergamot, is an old flower garden favorite.A Native North American Wildflower, Wild Bergamot can be found ranging from Canada to the American Southeast. Be careful–Wild Bergamot spreads both by underground rhizomes (roots) and by seed. Plants such as beans, for example, fix nutrients back into the soil, making them available for neighboring plants. A small black sweat bee, Dufourea monardae, is a specialist of bee balm in the Midwest and Northeast. Mature plants can be divided. Wisconsin’s Native Americans used bergamot for medicinal purposes. Plants. But they bloom at different times, providing you with a succession of blooms that will attract hummingbirds. Companion Plants. Wild Bergamot is a member of the Mint family. Plants bloom more vigorously if they are divided in spring or fall every 3-4 years. However, if it doesn't get enough sunlight, it may not flower as much. Minty leaves smell good when touched. Moderately xeric once established. Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa. 1. ... An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide Wild Bergamot sends up multiple leafy stems in a tight cluster, giving the plant a bushy appearance. Sharing the colors and hues of bee balm it provides a sturdy mostly care-free floral display that compares favorably with monarda. Feel free to plant your wild bergamot either in the spring or the fall. Wild Blue Flax. Cosmos and Lovage. Delivery: These plants can be delivered from September until mid/late October, depending on the season. Bergamot plants prefer moist soils to keep moisture. Wild bergamot, more commonly known as bee balm or Monarda fitulosa, is a perennial flowering plant native to North America. Plants grow 1-2’ tall with an equal spread. Although this hardy plant can grow in areas that are less than ideal, it prefers full sun and rich, well-draining soil. A good companion for bee balm is summer phlox (Phlox paniculata). Frost tolerant. Besides being related through genus, they like the same/similar conditions. Big enough to be called bushy, plant this in a small group or scattered in a garden. Swallowtail butterflies and pollinators are attracted to this plant for nectar and pollen. Suggested uses. Also known as bee balm, this plant is a valuable nectar source for monarch butterflies, and the flower clusters are highly attractive to native bees and bumblebees. Bees (attract & feed bees), Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Prairie planting, Wildflower, Wildlife. A cold-hardy perennial which can survive temperatures to -30C (-20F) Feeding. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS: Monarda bradburiana thrives in sun or part shade with well drained soil. Wild bergamot is also one of the host plants of the Raspberry pyrausta butterfly. Wild bergamot prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. Wisconsin’s Native Americans used bergamot for medicinal purposes. Plant in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. Position. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. Number of plants: 3. Its pinkish-lavender flowers look like ragged pompoms at the top of 2-5 ft stems. To prevent the center from dying, divide it into 2 to 3 years, as it dies from the middle and starts spreading to the unwanted area. Beargrass. In the Kitchen: Bergamot leaves are wonderful used in herbal tea. Wild bergamot is one of several plants also known by the common name of bee balm. May require staking in small gardens and needs competition to control spreading. Members of the mint family (Lamiaceae), Monarda didyma (Bee Balm) and Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) are the most commonly cultivated of the 16 species native to North America. It’s also known as horsemint and wild bergamot, and is native to North America. ... Wild Bergamot. COMPANION PLANTS: Butterfly Bush, Salvia, Coneflower Image: USFWS Mountain-Prairie , Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot (12775811995) , CC BY 2.0 Share this Like all monardas, it tends to get powdery mildew in late summer, but it isn’t a big deal. Bergamot (Monarda didyma) is a North American native plant with a scent of oranges. Monarda bradburiana has similar appearance and culture and could be substituted in some situations. The leaves can be used sparingly in salads and fruit drinks, while the dried leaves or fresh leaves can be made into a tea. May require staking in small gardens and needs competition to control spreading. Wild Licorice. An introductory nature guide to the plants and animals of Western Canada. American or Wild senna. Use mulch to maintain moisture around the plant, it will help to control the weed. Morning sun with partial afternoon shade. Wild bergamot grows best in a moist, rich loam with a pH between 6 and 8, although loam soils may cause the plant to flop around during the growing season. It flowers from June to September in dryer areas, on waste lands, and woodland borders throughout most of the United States and Canada. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Cultivation. While both are prone to mildew, they benefit from similar prevention … Purple ConeflowerRattlesnake MasterJoe Pye WeedYellow ConeflowerCompass PlantBig Bluestem, © 2020 Blazing Star Gardens LLC | blazingstargardens@gmail.com, Wild Bergamot/Bee Balm (Monarda fistulosa). How to Grow Bergamot. This is a beautiful North American wild flower with a strong scent and very attractive lavender coloured flowers. Space plants between 18 and 24 inches apart. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of bees and butterflies, but herbivores usually avoid it as the oregano-mint flavored leaves can cause indigestion. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant (xeric). menthaefolia, a more western species found in only a few Minnesota counties. Bergamot is a good all round companion for plants that need any … COMPANION PLANTS: There is a wide range of associates including yellow BC AB SK MB desert forest grassland mountain ocean urban wetland. Black-eyed Susan. Lemon bergamot, in particular, offers very long lasting cut flowers. Wild bergamot does require a spot with plenty of air circulation to prevent powdery mildew. There are 2 varieties of Wild Bergamot in Minnesota, var. It grows up to 5 feet tall and produces pinkish-purple flowers in mid- to late summer. The stems are square and the gray-green, hairy leaves have jagged edges and are 1-3 in long. Wild bergamot was considered a medicinal plant by many Native Americans including the Menominee, the Ojibwe, and the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk). Wild bergamot attracts a number of specialist bees, bumble bees, predatory wasps, hummingbirds, and hawk moths. The Wichita Mountains form of Monarda fistulosa is a wildflower gem blooming in mid-summer with a fabulous display of lavender-pink flowers that attract hummingbirds. This flower—which smells a bit like oregano—is one of the best pollinator-attracting plants you can have in your garden. Although only briefly in bloom, this plant is visited by bees, butterflies, and bumblebees. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of bees and butterflies, but herbivores usually avoid it as the oregano-mint flavored leaves can cause indigestion. Monarda fistulosa (Wild bergamot) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. Companion Plants for Bee Balm. Wild bergamot. The latter is a shorter, little branched plant with leaf stalks that are rarely over … Other companion plants emit a strong odor that pests detest. Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of fragrant, lilac-purple, tubular flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads, 2-3 in. 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