Gum trees make up the majority of trees in the country. May 13, 2020 - Check out our vibrant Wildfire Black Gum Trees! Black gum has few disease or insect problems. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The elliptic leaves are dark green and glossy. Too much summer sun can cause sunburn, which turns the leaves brown and dry. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. 1. A male tree is needed as a pollinator. Black gum prefers moist soil and grows well in wet soils, but that is just the type of soil phytophthora pathogens like, too. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is slower to leaf out than many other trees such as oaks and maples.It's possible that your tree simply needs more time. When everything else turns green, this tree stands out. Black Gum Tree (nyssas sylvatica) Also known as pepperidge, black tupelo, and sour gum. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Black gum trees are relatively slow growing but will respond well to applications of fertilizer in the fall. Plant nursery stock no deeper in the yard than it was in its nursery container. Although it will grow in full sun or partial shade, fall color is enhanced by sunny conditions. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. Black Tupelo - Sour Gum - Pepperidge. Black Blue Display/Harvest Time: Fall Summer Fruit Length: 1-3 inches Fruit Width: < 1 inch Fruit Description: Female trees only. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Black gum will not tolerate alkaline soil and may suffer damage from pollution. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet.. Notes: Root pruned annually to ensure transplanting success. This tree is also known as sour-gum or pepperidge and was called tupelo by Native Americans. It also may struggle if planted in the fall. Wildfire Black Gum (Black Tupelo) Nyssa Sylvatica ‘Wildfire’ Description: Spring growth reveals a surprising flush of deep red leaves that continue as long as the new growth emerges. Featured Plant: Wildfire black gum By Guilherme Goncalves | November 30, 2016 Nyssa sylvatica ‘Wildfire’ is a single stem tree with an attractive pyramidal shape in youth, a more rounded form in maturity, and striking foliage. It will not do well in soils that are alkaline, doing best in moist, well drained, acidic soils. Sweet gum tree … The eucalyptus tree, or gum tree as they are more popularly known, is a very common tree in Australia. Sonya Harris is a Master Gardener, former special education teacher, and founder of the award-winning Bullock Children's Garden in Glassboro, New Jersey, with experience in small-space gardening, low-income gardening, and growing foods and plants in poor soil conditions. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in … Planting: The Black Gum will need a lot of sunshine to develop a solid root system, so find a place in your yard that gets plenty of sun.You may need to stake up small, young trees if you live in a very windy area. Wildfire Black Gum is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Monday - Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm EST 3705 New Bern Ave. Raleigh, NC 27610 Phone: (919) 231-6161 Fax: (919) 231-7688 Black gum trees generally are deciduous, so you would need both a male and a female for fruit production. Fungi invade and, over time, cause the wood to rot and decay. Black gum does not usually require much pruning to maintain the tree beyond the standard care of removing parts that have become dead, damaged, or diseased. Keeping the tree healthy and pruning away dead wood and infected areas helps the tree withstand and recover from infection. When watering black gum trees, don't allow the trunk to get wet. During the summer they have a dark green glossy leaf. Know your trees. The black gum should be planted where there will be full sun to partial shade. Audrey Lynn has been a journalist and writer since 1974. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Is it right for your yard. If necessary, carefully remove soil from around the tree's roots to let them air dry, and cover them back up in a few weeks. Know what you are buying and what the ups and downs are. Sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil under the tree to 1 1/2 times the distance from the trunk to the drip line (tips of the branches). The fungus lurks in the soil, attacking the underground portion of the tree. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. Excellent fall color. The Wildfire Blackgum bursts to life each spring with bright red foliage followed by clusters of white blooms that provide an excellent source of nectar for pollinators and birds. Disinfect pruning tools between cuts and between trees. Keeping the black gum tree healthy helps it resist and recover from disease more easily. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. The disease can cause leaves to yellow or become stunted and fall from the tree too soon. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. A black gum, Nyssa sylvatica, is not the problem that mimosa is with seeds germinating everywhere. You will need to watch the tree over time to see how extensive the damage becomes. Mature Size: 30-50' x 20-30' USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-7 (View Hardiness Zone Map) Root Pruned: Yes Outstanding Characteristics: New growth on this selection is red, turning dark green as the foliage matures. During the fall season the dark green leaves turn into a spectacular purple, then into a scarlet-red color. This cultivar of the native Black Gum is wonderfully spectacular! Also, the Wildfire loves moisture, but needs well-drained soil. Pruning infected areas and clearing away plant debris from around the tree can help stop the disease. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Sour Gum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Nyssa Sylvatica, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Fusarium, Missouri Botanical Garden: Verticillium Wilt, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot in the Garden, North Dakota State University: Abiotic Disorders of Trees, University of Minnesota Extension: Abiotic Problems, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Identification and Confirmation: Mineral Deficiency. It grows 30 to 50 feet tall and has glossy green leaves and colorful fall foliage. The yellowish-white seeds are … This tree is not related to gum trees, which belong to Angophora spp., Corymbia spp. The disease attacks through the roots, causes branch dieback, and may eventually kill the tree. I Am the Largest! Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. The dark gray bark is … The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Take out the affected branch to help curb the spread of the fungus. Black Gum trees don’t get a lot of attention, because they don’t grow as fast as many Maples that also turn red in the fall, but people are finally beginning to take notice. and Eucalyptus spp. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. The Black Gum shade trees are cold hardy from Canada to Florida. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Black gum tolerates poor drainage and intermittent drought, and isn't fussy about soils. Since the black gum has a long taproot, it can have difficulties after it is transplanted. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. I have a problem with this article it is one sided. Pros and Cons of Having Large Gum Trees on Your Property. You know fall foliage is on the way when you see the brilliant red leaves of the black gum. Once the flowers are pollinated, they form into black stone fruits (drupes) that mature in early fall. She edited a weekly home-and-garden tabloid for her hometown newspaper and has regularly contributed to weekly and daily newspapers, as well as "Law and Order" magazine. Birds will eat the fruits, but they are not desirable for human consumption. Blackgum fruit are a half-inch long, appear in fall, and are bluish-black. The bark has almost alligator-like patterns and is dark gray to almost black. Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica. Planting the tree too deep initially can slow growth and cause the tree to wilt and fail, with leaves curling or becoming distorted and dying. Similar to verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) can cause leaves to wilt and die, but it usually appears on only one side of the tree at first, before spreading to other areas. Fruits are available August-October. Apr 21, 2019 - Check out our vibrant Wildfire Black Gum Trees! Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Wildfire is a cultivar noted for its colorful new growth in the spring. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to … Leaves will turn brilliant orange and red in the fall to contrast with bright blue small fruit which can hang in thru November. Small branches may suddenly wilt. Noteworthy Characteristics. Grafting is used to preserve the characteristics of named cultivars. Also known as nyssa sylvatica, black tupelo, tupelo, or sour gum tree, these trees provide excellent displays of brilliant, neon red fall color. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica.The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin.It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree… But really, what's not to love? Tree with a dense, conical or sometimes flat-topped crown, many slender, nearly horizontal Attractive glossy, dark green leaves of ‘Wildfire’ Black Gum turn orange to scarlet red to purple in fall. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. No reputable nursery would sell you a female Ginko tree. Cankers can result when fungi start growing on a dead branch. Make sure mulch doesn't touch the tree trunk. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … Phytophthora can cause root or crown rot, which may not be evident until the black gum's leaves begin to wilt and appear water-stressed or change colors prematurely. Black gum is vulnerable to specific pests and a few common diseases: Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Black gum, which happens to be the species of the oldest recorded tree in NH, is one of my favorite native species that I feel should be planted more often in the urban landscape. Sunburst® Honey Locust Tree Plant Profile, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, How to Grow and Care for a Weeping Willow Tree. Being native to the eastern United States, this tree adapts to extreme climates, tolerates wet conditions, and is drought-resistant. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. They serve an important purpose in the flora make-up of the country. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. Is it right for your region. At … The general rule is two cups of slow-release granular fertilizer for every inch of diameter of the trunk measured four feet above the soil surface. How to Care for a Black Gum Tree. Although relatively pest free, black gum leaves can occasionally suffer from diseases. Their fall color display is amazing, with hues of yellow, oranges and reds. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. A beautiful tree! Its fall color is amazing! The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. A great specimen tree. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Nyssa sylvatica prefers moist soil and can grow in standing water. When everything else turns green, this tree stands out. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). The small flowers of the Black Tupelo tree are a favorite tree of bees that collect the pollen that is transformed into the famous and distinctive flavored, 'Tupelo Honey'. Reproduction is performed through seed germination and the use of cuttings. A Hambidge Fellow, Lynn studied English at Columbus State University. Avoid wounding the tree with lawn mowers or other gardening tools, as wounds allow pathogens to enter the tree more easily. For best results, you may want to start one from seed in the desired site or choose a young sapling where the taproot will be shorter. https://www.thespruce.com/nyssa-sylvatica-black-gum-growing-tips-3269341 The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Planting a tree involves more than knowing its cold hardiness. The Wildfire Black Gum is known for its’ color display on their new growth. New selections like Wildfire are paving the way for this stellar native tree to make it into more yards, and … Over the years it can be oval, irregular, or horizontal in shape. This wide-ranging native tree is among the first to change its colors. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. The tree should be transplanted in spring either balled-and-burlapped or as a … Sometimes, however, the tree can grow perfect flowers, making this ultimately a polygamodioecious species. Wildfire Blackgum Tree The Facts Height: 30′ – 50’ Spread: 20′ – 30′ Sun: Full Sun Water: Medium to Wet Soil: Well-Drained Growth Rate: Slow. In the meantime, you can perform a simple test to confirm there is still life in the tree: take a pocket knife and … They also have a wonderful shape and are easy to grow. Heart rot occurs after a tree has had open wounds occur in the trunk. Nyssa sylvatica needs soil that is acidic and that allows water to drain away from the roots. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. Over- or under-watering the tree can cause stunted growth, wilting and dieback of leaves and twigs. Prefers moist soil. This guide is about growing a wildfire black gum tree. Caused by the verticillium fungi, this wilt attacks many plants, including black gum trees. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. So after three months of research and looking, I think we've finally decided to plant a black gum. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. It is a deciduous hardwood tree, most commonly known for its early display of beautiful yellow, red and purple colored leaves in the fall. 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